TIMELINE OF UNDERMINING THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE JUDICIARY IN HUNGARY 2012–2019
Judicial independence has been under constant threat and has been systematically undermined by the governing majority in Hungary since 2011–2012. Steps threatening judicial independence included the centralisation of the administration of courts, the lowering of the mandatory retirement age of judges, terminating the mandate of the Supreme Court’s President prematurely, attempting to set up a heavily government-controlled administrative court system, and exerting pressure on critical judges. Below, we outline the most important events of the past seven years in this regard.
While judges feel they still can adjudicate relatively freely, the institutional independence of the judiciary hand has been severely undermined and the judges are under attack from multiple direction - according to a new report published by Amnesty International Hungary.
Joint report by Amnesty International Hungary and the Hungarian Helsinki Commitee with regard to the independence of the judiciary in Hungary.
Today the Hungarian Parliament adopted a new law that renders the administrative court system under the heavy influence of the Minister of Justice. Previously the administrative courts were organically independent institutions but from now on the Minister will have dominant influence over who might become a judge or the president of the court.
Despite this week’s mass protests in Budapest, the Hungarian President has signed what has become known as ‘Slave Law’ and another piece of legislation establishing a new administrative court that would undermine the independent judiciary, rendering them under the influence of the Minister of Justice.