Today’s verdict is the first time the company has been held criminally accountable for its involvement in exporting the hazardous waste to Cote d’Ivoire.

While the ruling is a significant step forward, this is not the end of the story for those affected. There are unanswered questions about the impact that the waste may have had on people’s health, and the areas where the waste was dumped are yet to be fully decontaminated.”

In July 2006, Trafigura off-loaded waste from a ship in Amsterdam for disposal, but for cost reasons reloaded and transported the waste to Cote d’Ivoire.

The Dutch prosecution focused on events in the Netherlands. It does not appear to consider the impact of the dumping in Cote D’Ivoire, reflecting the challenges of prosecuting companies for actions that cross borders.